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4. Cultural metadata

MetaMusic has identified a certain number of cultural metadata that are important for the music industry in Canada, in Québec and in the Francophonie for discoverability, regulatory and statistical reasons.

Origin

Canada

The MAPL system was established by the CRTC to determine the Canadian origin of a piece of content, notably for radio stations or to request certain subsidies:

  • Music: the music is composed entirely by a Canadian
  • Artist: the music is, or the lyrics are, performed principally by a Canadian
  • Performance: the musical selection consists of a performance that is recorded wholly in Canada or performed wholly in Canada and broadcast live in Canada.
  • Lyrics: the lyrics are written entirely by a Canadian

The Canadian nationality is determined by the place of birth or residence of an individual.

The location of the recording is determined by the physical location of the recording sutdio.

Fifty percent of the above criteria must be met for the recording to be considered Canadian.

Québec

The following criteria are used to determine the Québec origin of a track and they were elaborated by the professional music associations, namely ADISQ, APEM, GMMQ, SPACQ and UDA.

A track must meet any combination of two out of three criteria:

Two out of three elements must be from Québec, artistically:

  • Author (lyrics)
  • Composer (music)
  • Main performer

Two out of three elements must be from Québec, industrially:

  • Initial producer
  • Publisher
  • Record label

** Two exceptions to the rules established by the associations are accepted: if the work is public domain or is a jazz standard, the work will be deemed from Québec for the author and composer (artistic) and publisher (industrial) elements.

How do we determine that a track is from Québec?

For individuals in an artistic role:

When more than one individual is part of the same element (e.g., if there are several composers), the status is granted if at least one of the individuals is considered Québécois.

Attributing the status of originating from Québec to individuals deemed creators (artist or artistic collective) is qualitative and is rests on a set of basic criteria:

  • Place of birth;
  • Place where they grew up;
  • Place where their career started;
  • Place of residence;
  • If they possess an artistic practice that developed specifically and/or mainly on the territory of Québec;
  • If, generally, the creator identifies as Québécois when addressing the media, or carrying out promotional activities, etc.;
  • • If the creator is considered Québécois by the media and other explicit and credible source.

For example: Céline Dion, Leonard Cohen, Diane Tell, Arcade Fire, Barr Brothers are considered Québécois despite their place of birth or residence. Daniel Lanois and Mylène Farmer are not, despite being born in Québec. Daran, who has lived in Québec for several years and has integrated the local artistic scene, could be considered Québécois from now on.



For business playing an industrial role:

If an element has more than one business (e.g., if there is more than one producer), the Québécois status is granted to that element if there is at least one company considered Québécois among them.

The incorporated businessmust have, at the time of the fixation of the sound recording:

  • capital stock and constituted under federal or provincial laws;
  • Québécois hold the beneficial ownership of the direct or indirect control;
  • At least 50% plus one of the issued and outstanding voting shares, with the exception of shares held only as security;
  • • Its head office (place of establishment) must be in Québec.

The head office’s postal code (place of establishment) of the company will be used as the descriptive field for the attribution of this status

** The individual company must have its head office in Québec and its owner must have been born or reside in Québec.

*** If the author or composer is not represented by a publisher, they are deemed being their own publisher.

Language

The main language is established differently whether it is the work or the track.

If a track contains several languages, they must all be identified, as well as the portion they make up on the tracks.

Work

Calculating the percentage of each language using the number of words.

Main language: 50%+1 of the lyrics in the original work.

Track

Calculating the percentage of each language using the number of seconds of singing heard in the track, excluding instrumental passages and onomatopoeias.

Main language: 50%+1 of sung content in seconds.

Genre

Genres are used for reference only. The proposed classification is pursuant to consultations with MetaMusic’s partners.

It is strongly recommended to attribute a subgenre to a track in order to qualify it more accurately.

An asterisk * designated a mandatory field.

  • Popular
  • Folk
  • Chanson (Song)
  • Rock
  • Metal
  • Punk
  • Country
    • Suggested subgenre: Western
  • Jazz ***
  • Blues
  • Hip Hop, Rap
  • R&B, Soul
  • Reggae
  • Latino
  • EDM, Dance
  • Avant-garde
  • Experimental
  • Classique ***
  • Opera, Vocal Art
  • World traditions
    • Suggested subgenre: indicate the territory of origin
  • Christmas
  • Jeunesse
  • Screen music (films and videogames)
  • Religious
  • Orality, humour, tales
  • Audiobook (non-musical)
  • Electroacoustic
  • Contemporary
  • Operetta

*** The qualification of musical content in these genres has an impact on the distribution of the royalties for performing artists and musicians.